Agent Name

Cyanoacetic acid

CAS Number

372-09-8

Formula

C3-H3-N-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Acide cyanacetique [French]; Cyanessigsaeure [German]; Kyselina kyanoctova [Czech]; Malonic acid mononitrile; Malonic mononitrile; Monocyanoacetic acid; Acetic acid, 2-cyano-; Acetic acid, cyano-; [ChemIDplus] UN3261

Category

Organic Acids

Description

White hygroscopic solid; [Hawley] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and the fungicide cymoxanil; [HSDB]

Comments

A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin and eyes; A respiratory tract irritant; Emergency treatment: see "Acetonitrile." [HSDB] A skin and eye irritant; [CAMEO] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.03 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive solid, acidic, organic, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.