Agent Name

Cyanoguanidine

Alternative Name

Dicyanodiamide

CAS Number

461-58-5

Formula

C2-H4-N4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Cyanoguanidine; 2-Cyanoguanidine; ACR-H 3636; Araldite HT 986; Araldite XB 2879B; Araldite XB 2979B; Bakelite VE 2560; Dicyandiamide; Dicyandiamin [German]; Epicure DICY 15; Epicure DICY 7; Guanidine, cyano-; N-Cyanoguanidine; Pyroset DO; XB 2879B; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

White odorless solid; [HSDB] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a curing agent (epoxy resins), flotation depressant (copper ores), intumescent paint ingredient, electrostatic powder coating ingredient, plasticizer (starch adhesives), fertilizer additive, nitrocellulose stabilizer, antioxidant (fats and oils), fire-proofing compound, case-hardening additive, cleaning and soldering compound, thinner for oil-well drilling muds, detergent stabilizer, and starch modifier; Also used in dye-stuffs and explosives; [HSDB]

Comments

No listed effects of short-term or long-term exposure; [ICSC] A skin irritant, based on animal studies; [eChemPortal: SIDSUNEP] May cause irritation; May induce methemoglobinemia; Oral LD50 (mouse) >10 gm/kg; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.000171 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: