Agent Name

Dichlorobenzalkonium chloride

CAS Number

8023-53-8

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Alkyl(C8H17 to C18H37) dimethyl 3,4-dichlorobenzyl ammonium chloride; Ammonium, alkyl (C8-C18) dimethyl 3,4-dichlorobenzyl-, chloride; Tetrosan; Alkyl dimethyl 3,4-dichlorobenzyl ammonium chloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Biocides/Disinfectants

Description

Colorless solid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as algicide, antiseptic, and sterilant; [Hawley] Used as a germicide, algicide, and deodorant; [EPA OHM/TADS] Quaternary ammonium compounds are used as algaecides/slimicides (swimming pools, industrial water reservoirs, and farm ponds), antiseptics for cleaning wounds, antistatic agents for textiles, softeners for paper products, and pigment dispersers; [IPCS-PIMs]

Comments

A skin irritant; [Hawley] A severe eye irritant; Toxic by ingestion and intravenous route; May cause liver and kidney damage; Oral LD50 (rat) = 730 mg/kg; [Sax] Allergic contact dermatitis is infrequently documented; [Marks, p. 266] Quaternary ammonium compounds have curare-like properties when concentrated solutions are ingested; Affected patients may have methemoglobinemia and hemolysis and die within 1-3 hours; Elevated liver function tests were reported; Concentrated solutions can cause burns; No data on carcinogenicity or teratogenicity; [IPCS-PIMs]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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Processes

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