Agent Name

1,3-Benzenediamine dihydrochloride

CAS Number

541-69-5

Formula

C6-H8-N2.2Cl-H

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,3-Benzenediamine hydrochloride; 1,3-Diaminobenzene dihydrochloride; 1,3-Phenylenediamine dihydrochloride; 3-Aminoaniline dihydrochloride; m-Aminoaniline dihydrochloride; m-Benzenediamine dihydrochloride; m-Diaminobenzene dihydrochloride; m-Phenylenediamine hydrochloride; m-Phenylenediamine, dihydrochloride; meta-Aminoaniline dihydrochloride; meta-Benzenediamine dihydrochloride; meta-Diaminobenzene dihydrochloride; [ChemIDplus] UN1673

Category

Amines, Aromatic

Description

Off-white powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in hair dyes and as an analytical reagent for nitrite; No known commercial production in the US currently or in the past; [HSDB]

Comments

Has the potential to form methemoglobin; Emergency treatment: "Paraphenylenediamine"; In sensitized individuals, paraphenylenediamine may cause allergic contact dermatitis following application as a hair dye and asthma following inhalation; Following ingestion, can cause angioneurotic edema, methemoglobinemia, acute tubular necrosis, and hepatotoxicity; An adult died after ingestion of 3 grams of p-phenylenediamine; Another adult who ingested 1800 mg developed angioneurotic edema and acute renal failure; [HSDB] An eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; [eChemPortal: ESIS] An irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; May cause skin sensitization; [MSDSonline] See "p-Phenylenediamine."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Phenylenediamines."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: