Agent Name

Ethylene glycol dinitrate

CAS Number

628-96-6

Formula

C2-H4-N2-O6

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

EGDN; 1,2-Ethanediol dinitrate; Ethylene dinitrate; Ethylene nitrate; Glycol dinitrate; Nitroglycol; [NIOSH]

Category

Explosives

Description

Colorless to yellow, oily, odorless liquid. [Note: An explosive ingredient (60-80%) in dynamite along with nitroglycerine (40-20%).]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as an explosive; [ACGIH]

Comments

Has pharmacological effects similar to nitroglycerin. [ACGIH] Methemoglobinemia observed in animal studies. [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 ppm

PEL (OSHA)

Ceiling(OSHA) = 0.2 ppm

MAK

0.01 ppm(applies for the sum of the concentrations of ethylene glycol dinitrate and nitroglycerin in air)

IDLH (NIOSH)

12 ppm

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

Human data: Headaches have developed in workers exposed to 0.4 to 0.67 mg/m3 for 25 minutes; all workers had decreases in blood pressure [Trainor and Jones 1966]. Ethylene glycol dinitrate and nitroglycerine are vasodilators and initial exposures result in headache, dizziness, nausea, or decreases in blood pressure; however, workers became tolerant of the vasodilatory activity after 2 to 4 days of exposure [NIOSH 1978].

Vapor Pressure

0.05 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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