Agent Name

Glycerin

CAS Number

56-81-5

Formula

C3-H8-O3

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,2,3-Propanetriol; 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane; 90 Technical glycerine; Citifluor AF 2; Clyzerin, wasserfrei [German]; Dagralax; Glicerina [DCIT]; Glicerol [INN-Spanish]; Glycerin; Glycerin, anhydrous; Glycerin, synthetic; Glycerine; Glycerinum; Glyceritol; Glycerol; Glycerolum [INN-Latin]; Glycyl alcohol; Glyrol; Glysanin; Grocolene; IFP; Incorporation factor; MOON; Ophthalgan; Optim; Osmoglyn; Propanetriol; Propanetriol (VAN); Star; Synthetic glycerin; Synthetic glycerine; Trihydroxypropane; Vitrosupos; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Alcohols and Polyols, Other

Description

Clear, colorless, odorless, syrupy liquid or solid (below 64 degrees F). [Note: The solid form melts above 64 degrees F but the liquid form freezes at a much lower temperature.]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, humectant, plasticizer, emollient, sweetener, coating for paper, antifreeze for automobiles, and fluid for gas meters, hydraulic jacks, and shock absorber; Also used to make nitroglycerol (dynamite), cosmetics, soaps, liqueurs, confectioneries, inks, lubricants, glues; and medications; Also used to keep fabrics pliable; to preserve printing on cotton; and to defrost windshields; [HSDB; Merck Index]

Comments

No listed effects of short-term or long-term exposure; [ICSC]

Exposure Assessment
PEL (OSHA)

15 mg/m3(total dust), 5 mg/m3 (respirable fraction) [mist]

MAK

200 mg/m3, inhalable fraction

Vapor Pressure

0.000168 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 570 mg/m3/1h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 177 deg C; TLV for glycerin mist withdrawn in 2013 due to insufficient data relevant to occupational exposure; [TLVs and BEIs. Appendix G]

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Processes

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