Agent Name

2,2'-Dibenzothiazyl disulfide

Alternative Name

MBTS

CAS Number

120-78-5

Formula

C14-H8-N2-S4

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

MBTS; 2,2'-Benzothiazyl disulfide; 2,2'-Bis(benzothiazolyl) disulfide; 2,2'-Dibenzothiazyldisulfide; 2,2'-Dithiobis(benzothiazole); 2-Benzothiazolyl disulfide; 2-Benzothiazyl disulfide; 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole disulfide; 2-Mercaptobenzothiazyl disulfide; Accel TM; Altax; Benzothiazole disulfide; Benzothiazole, 2,2'-dithiobis-; Benzothiazolyl disulfide; Benzothiazyl disulfide; Bis(2-benzothiazolyl) disulfide; Bis(2-benzothiazyl) disulfide; Bis(benzothiazolyl) disulfide; Di-2-benzothiazolyl disulfide; Dibenzothiazolyl disulfide; Dibenzothiazolyl disulphide; Dibenzothiazyl disulfide; Dibenzoylthiazyl disulfide; Dibenzthiazyl disulfide; Dithiobis(benzothiazole); Dwusiarczek dwubenzotiazylu [Polish]; Ekagom GS; MBTS; MBTS rubber accelerator; Mercaptobenzthiazyl ether; Pneumax DM; Royal MBTS; Thiofide; Vulcafor MBTS; Vulkacit DM; Vulkacit DM/C; Vulkacit DM/MGC; [ChemIDplus] MBTS; [Marks, p. 98-9]

Category

Rubber Additives

Description

Pale yellow or cream to off-white odorless solid; [HSDB] Colorless to pale yellow powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as rubber accelerator, polychloroprene plasticizer/retarder, and neoprene retarder; Also used for general mechanicals and white stocks; [HSDB] Used as cure modifier for neoprene type W and as oxidation cure activator in butyl; Used for extruded and molded products, tires, tubes, wire, cable, and sponge; [Hawley] Workers may be exposed in metals, home, health, laboratory, and building industries; [Kanerva, p. 1779]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause skin sensitization; Can be absorbed through skin; [ICSC] May cause skin sensitization; [HSDB] A skin and eye irritant; [CAMEO] May cause skin sensitization; [eChemPortal: ESIS] May cause irritation; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization after prolonged contact; [MSDSonline] See "Mercapto mix."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.54E-10 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: