Agent Name

Grain dust

Major Category

Biological Agents

Category

Plant-Derived Allergens

Description

Includes oat, wheat, and barley; [ACGIH]

Sources/Uses

Occupational asthma reported in grain elevator workers and a baker; [Malo]

Comments

Grain dust can cause inhalation fever, asthma, chronic bronchitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and COPD; [Rom, Chapters 24, 25, 26, 31, and 36] Grain dust exposure >5 mg/m3 causes acute lung function effects. [Reference #1] Grains can cause contact urticaria in agricultural workers. [Reference #2]

Reference Link

Effects of grain dust on lungs prior to and following dust remediation.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

4 mg/m3

PEL (OSHA)

10 mg/m3

Reference Link

Statistical data on occupational contact urticaria.

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Chronic Bronchitis

Yes

Fibrogenic

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: