Agent Name

Thallium carbonate

CAS Number

6533-73-9

Formula

C-H2-O3.2Tl

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Thallium carbonate (Tl2CO3); Thallium(I) carbonate (2:1); Thallous carbonate; Carbonic acid, dithallium(1+) salt; Dithallium carbonate; [ChemIDplus] UN1707

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Shiny colorless or white solid; Highly refractive; Soluble in water; [Hawley] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in chemical analysis (detecting carbon disulfide) and to make artificial diamonds; [Hawley] Used as a fungicide; [CAMEO]

Comments

Can be absorbed through skin; Can cause thallium poisoning; A reproductive toxin in animal testing; [ICSC] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Thallium" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.02 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Tl

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Tl

IDLH (NIOSH)

15 mg/m3, as Tl (soluble compounds)

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Thallium compound, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: