Agent Name

Ethanesulfonyl chloride

CAS Number

594-44-5

Formula

C2-H5-Cl-O2-S

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

1-Ethanesulfonyl chloride; Ethylsulfochloride; TL 77; Ethanesulphonyl chloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Pale yellow liquid; [HSDB] Colorless or yellow liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make sulfonyl-substituted imides, methide lithium salts, and pentafluoroethanesulfonyl fluoride, a fluorinated surfactant; [HSDB]

Comments

A lachrymator; All rats exposed to 1273 ppm died within 30 to 130 minutes; 4-hr LC50 (rat) = approximately 86 ppm; Rats exposed to lethal concentrations have lacrimation, salivation, gasping, and pulmonary hemorrhage; [HSDB] Reacts violently with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; Effects in high-dose animal studies include acute pulmonary edema; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.29 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 410 mg/m3/4h

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.