Agent Name

Hydrogen peroxide

CAS Number

7722-84-1

Formula

H2-O2

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Albone; Albone 35; Albone 35CG; Albone 50; Albone 50CG; Albone 70; Albone 70CG; Albone DS; Dihydrogen dioxide; Elawox; Hioxyl; Hydrogen dioxide; Hydrogen dioxide solution; Hydrogen peroxide; Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2); Hydrogen peroxide solution (DOT); Hydrogen peroxide, 90%; Hydrogen peroxide, solution; Hydrogen peroxide, solution, 3%; Hydrogen peroxide, solution, 30%; Hydrogen peroxide, solution, 35%; Hydroperoxide; Inhibine; Interox; Kastone; Lensept; Oxydol; Perhydrol; Perone; Perone 30; Perone 35; Perone 50; Perossido di idrogeno [Italian]; Peroxaan; Peroxan; Peroxide; Peroxyde d'hydrogene [French]; Superoxol; T-Stuff; UN 2014 (20%-52%); UN 2015 (>52%); UN 2984 (8%-20%); [ChemIDplus]

Category

Oxidizers

Description

Colorless liquid with a slightly sharp odor. [Note: The pure compound is a crystalline solid below 12 degrees F. Often used in an aqueous solution.]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used for the bleaching, disinfecting, and producing other chemicals; H2O2 is used in the textile, wood pulp, food, hairdressing, fur, and water treatment industries; [ACGIH] Used in photography (hypo eliminator); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html] Used in the deliming and dyeing stages of leather production; [PMID 21938525]

Comments

Liquid causes second degree burns after a few minutes of contact; [CHRIS] Hydrogen peroxide 30-70% is corrosive to the skin. [Quick CPC] "When used for household disinfectant purposes (3% to 5%), it is mildly irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. At a concentration of 10%, which is found in some hair-bleaching solutions, it is strongly irritating and may be corrosive." [ATSDR Medical Management] Corrosive to the skin and eyes and irritating to the respiratory tract; [ICSC] Hydrogen peroxide solutions 35% and greater could cause pulmonary edema after inhalation; [CHEMINFO]

Reference Link

ATSDR Medical Management - Hydrogen peroxide

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

1 ppm

PEL (OSHA)

1 ppm

MAK

0.5 ppm

IDLH (NIOSH)

75 ppm

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

Other animal data: It has been reported that mice tolerated a single 4hour exposure to 75 ppm [Svirbely]. Human data: It has been stated that although the shortterm exposure tolerance is unknown, it is probably about 75 ppm [AIHA 1957]. Death has resulted in a man who drank 100 ml [Raukhverger and Solodko 1974].

Vapor Pressure

1.97 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 2,000 mg/m3/4 hr

Explanatory Notes

The Guide from the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solution, stabilized, with more than 60% Hydrogen peroxide."

Reference Link

ICSC: Hydrogen peroxide (>60% solution in water)

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Animal

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: