Agent Name

Ethoprop

CAS Number

13194-48-4

Formula

C8-H19-O2-P-S2

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

ENT 27,318; Ethoprophos; Jolt; Mobil V-C 9-104; Mocap; O-Ethyl S,S-dipropyl dithiophosphate; O-Ethyl S,S-dipropyl phosphorodithioate (8CI)(9CI); O-Ethyl S,S-dipropylphosphorodithioate; O-Ethyl-S,S-dipropyl phosphorodithionate; Phophos; Phosethoprop; Phosphorodithioic acid, O-ethyl S,S-dipropyl ester; Prophos; Rovokil; V-C 9-104; V-C Chemical V-C 9-104; VC 9-104; Virginia-Carolina VC 9-104; [ChemIDplus] UN3018

Category

Organophosphate Insecticides

Description

Pale yellow liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless to yellow liquid with a strong odor of mercaptans; [Reference #1]

Sources/Uses

Used as non-systemic nematicide and soil insecticide for use on ornamentals, potatoes, fruits, nuts, and other crops; [HSDB]

Comments

Decomposes at room temperature evolving n-Propylmercaptan (flammable); A cholinesterase inhibitor that may have effects on the nervous system causing convulsions and respiratory depression; Can be absorbed through skin and eyes; [ICSC] No significant adverse effects besides cholinesterase inhibition observed in sub-chronic animal feeding studies; [HSDB] See "1-Propanethiol."

Restricted

Use is restricted due to acute dermal toxicity (formulations containing 10% or greater); [Reference #1]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cholinesterase activity in red cells = 70% of individual's baseline, sample time discretionary; [ACGIH]

Vapor Pressure

0.00035 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 123 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Organophosphorus pesticide, liquid, toxic."

Reference Link

INCHEM JMPR: Ethoprophos - 1999

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Organophosphate

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: