Agent Name

Ethylene cyanohydrin

CAS Number

109-78-4

Formula

C3-H5-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Cyanoethanol; 2-Cyanoethyl alcohol; 2-Hydroxycyanoethane; 2-Hydroxyethyl cyanide; 2-Hydroxyethylkyanid [Czech]; 3-Hydroxypropanenitrile; 3-Hydroxypropionitrile; Aethylencyanhydrin [German]; Glycol cyanohydrin; Hydracrylonitrile; Hydroxypropanenitrile; Methanolacetonitrile; Propanenitrile, 3-hydroxy-; Propionitrile, 3-hydroxy-; beta-Cyanoethanol; beta-HPN; beta-HPN3; beta-Hydroxypropionitrile; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitriles

Description

Straw-colored liquid; [Hawley] Colorless to yellow-brown liquid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent for cellulose acetate and ethylcellulose, in organic synthesis, and to stimulate sprouting in potatoes; [Hawley]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; Releases hydrogen cyanide when heated or in contact with acids/water; [ICSC] An eye irritant; [HSDB] Reacts with water evolving toxic flammable gases; An eye irritant; [CAMEO] An irritant; Harmful by ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption; [Aldrich MSDS] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.08 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC33 (mice) = 300 mg/m3/2h

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.