Agent Name

Ethyl fluoroacetate

CAS Number

459-72-3

Formula

C4-H7-F-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Acetic acid, fluoro-, ethyl ester; Ethyl monofluoroacetate; Ethylester kyseliny fluoroctove [Czech]; Monofluoroacetic acid ethyl ester; [ChemIDplus] Fluoroacetic acid ethyl ester; [Merck Index] UN2929

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Liquid; [Merck Index] Clear colorless liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Toxin in poisonous plants; [Merck Index]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Fluoroacetate-1080"; Fluoroacetate is a rodenticide highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption. Patients have vomiting and diarrhea, and in serious cases, seizures, dysrhythmias, hypotension, respiratory depression, and coma. The lethal dose of ethyl fluoroacetate (20-100 mg/kg) is about ten times that of sodium fluoroacetate. [HSDB] A lachrymator; May cause irritation; Targets CNS and cardiovascular system; [MSDSonline] See "Sodium fluoroacetate."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Toxic liquid, flammable, organic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.