Agent Name

Ethyl thiocyanate

CAS Number

542-90-5

Formula

C3-H5-N-S

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

Aethylrhodanid [German]; Ethane, thiocyanato-; Ethyl rhodanate; Ethyl sulfocyanate; Ethylthiocyanate; Ethylthiokyanat [Czech]; Thiocyanic acid, ethyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN1992

Category

Other Insecticides

Description

Volatile liquid; [HSDB] Clear faintly yellow liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as agricultural insecticide; as insecticidal fumigant; [HSDB]

Comments

In high-dose animal studies, causes somnolence, convulsions, ataxia, paralysis, and changes to the liver and kidneys; [RTECS] Thiocyanates are goitrogenic; [HSDB] A severe irritant capable of causing serious injury in high concentrations; A lachrymator; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions; [MSDSonline] See "CYANIDES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.83 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Flammable liquid, toxic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: