Agent Name

Ferrous sulfate

CAS Number

7720-78-7

Formula

O4-S.Fe

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Ferrous sulfate anhydrous; Combiron; Copperas; Duretter; Duroferon; Exsiccated ferrous sulfate; Exsiccated ferrous sulphate; FeSO4; Feosol; Feospan; Fer-In-Sol; Ferobuff; Ferolix; Ferralyn; Ferro-Theron; Ferro-gradumet; Ferrosulfat [German]; Ferrosulfate; Ferrous sulfate (1:1); Ferrous sulphate; Fersolate; Ferulen; Ferusal; Green Salts; Green Vitriol; Iron monosulfate; Iron sulfate (1:1); Iron sulfate (FeSO4); Iron vitriol; Iron(2+) sulfate; Iron(2+) sulfate (1:1); Iron(II) sulfate; Iron(II) sulfate (1:1); Irospan; Kesuka; Mol-Iron; Odophos; Quickfloc (salt); SFE 171; Sal Chalybis; Slow Fe; Slow-Fe; Sorbifer durules; Sulferrous; Sulfuric acid, iron(2+) salt (1:1); [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

White hygroscopic solid; [HSDB] Blue-green odorless crystals; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a mordant in textile dyeing; [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html] Used to make iron compounds and in engraving, lithography, water treatment, aluminum etching, and qualitative analysis ("brown ring" test for nitrates); Also used in iron electroplating baths, fertilizers and pesticides, food and feed supplements, radiation dosimeters, wood preservative, inks, leather dyes, polymerization catalysts, and pharmaceuticals (iron deficiency anemia); [Merck Index] Used as iron oxide pigment, catalyst (especially for synthetic ammonia), and food supplement; [Hawley]

Comments

An irritant to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes; Toxic by ingestion: hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, shock, and liver damage; [Merck Index] A skin and eye irritant; [eChemPortal: ERMA; ESIS] See "Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate." See "Iron salts, soluble."

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Fe (soluble iron salts)

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

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