Agent Name

Geranyl acetate

CAS Number

105-87-3

Formula

C12-H20-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2,6-Octadien-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-, acetate; 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol acetate; 2,6-Dimethyl-2,6-octadiene-8-yl acetate; 2,6-Octadien-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-, acetate, trans-; 2,6-Octadien-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-, acetate,(E)-; 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl ethanoate, trans-; 3,7-Dimethyl-2-trans, 6-octadienyl acetate; Acetic acid, geraniol ester; Bay pine (oyster) oil; Geraniol acetate; Geranyl acetate (natural); Geranyl acetate A; trans-2,6-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-8-yl ethanoate; trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol, acetate; trans-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl acetate; trans-Geraniol acetate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Esters, Other

Description

Clear colorless liquid with a sweet odor like lavender; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Occurs in several essential oils; Used in perfumes and flavors; [Hawley]

Comments

A mutagen, tumorigen, and mild to severe skin irritant; Causes somnolence and coma in lethal-dose feeding studies of rats; Causes hepatitis and kidney injury in high-dose feeding studies of mice; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; ADI = 0-0.5 mg/kg bw; [JECFA] Slightly irritating to human skin; Effects in chronic feeding studies with rodents include cytoplasmic vacuolization of the liver, kidneys, and myocardium and lesions of the stomach; No evidence of carcinogenicity or mutagenicity; Emergency treatment: See "Citral" the active ingredient in lemon grass oil; [HSDB] A skin irritant; May cause eye injury; [CAMEO] Higher frequency of nephrosis observed in gavage study with rats (71% geranyl acetate and 29% citronellyl acetate in corn oil); Caused chromosomal aberrations in 2 of 3 bone marrow in vivo assays and mutations in mouse lymphoma assay; [EPA]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.03 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.009 ppm

Odor Threshold High

0.46 ppm

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold (detection) = 9 - 460 ppb; [HSDB]

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: