Agent Name

Gluconic acid

CAS Number

526-95-4

Formula

C6-H12-O7

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

D-Gluconic acid; 2,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexanoic acid; Dextronic acid; Glosanto; Gluconic acid (VAN); Gluconic acid, D-; Glycogenic acid; Pentahydroxycaproic acid; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Light brown solid; Commercial product is 50% aqueous solution; [Hawley] 50% aqueous solution: Pale yellow liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Primary acid in honey; Used in pharmaceutical and food products, for cleaning and pickling metals, as a sequestrant, in paint strippers, and in alkaline rust removers; [Hawley] Used as a chelating agent, high alkalinity bottle cleanser, and finish remover; Used in the tanning and textile industries; [Merck Index] Important intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism in mammals; Used for industrial cleaning, metal surface treatment, textile bleach stabilizing, aluminum processing, and as a chelating agent in cement set retarding, cleaning products, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and foods; [Reference #1]

Comments

Emergency treatment: Irritants; [HSDB] No significant adverse effects in chronic studies of animals; Reproductive studies negative; No data available on carcinogenicity or inhalation toxicity; [Reference #1] 50% aqueous solution: A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Gluconic acid and its derivatives - 2004

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

3.72E-10 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: