Agent Name

Glyoxylic acid

CAS Number

298-12-4

Formula

C2-H2-O3

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Acetic acid, oxo-; Formic acid, formyl-; Formylformic acid; GLYOXYLIC ACID; Glyoxalic acid; Kyselina glyoxylova [Czech]; Oxalaldehydic acid; Oxoacetic acid; Oxoethanoic acid; alpha-Ketoacetic acid; [ChemIDplus] UN3265

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Solid with an obnoxious odor; Deliquesces quickly to form a syrup in contact with air; [Merck Index] Found as colorless to straw-yellow 50% aqueous solution; [CAMEO] 50% aqueous solution is colorless to light yellow viscous liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Found in unripe fruit, young green leaves, and very young sugar beets; [Merck Index] Used to make flavorings, perfumes, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, dyes, plastics, agricultural chemicals, and vanillin; Also used as a cleaning agent for a variety of industrial applications; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive acid; [Merck Index] Emergency treatment: see "Oxalic acid." A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; [HSDB] May cause irritation or burns to skin and eyes; [CAMEO] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.06 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive liquid, acidic, organic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.