Agent Name

Gyromitrin

CAS Number

16568-02-8

Formula

C4-H8-N2-O

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Acetaldehyde N-methyl-N-formylhydrazone; Acetaldehyde N-methylformylhydrazone; Acetaldehyde formylmethylhydrazone; Acetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone; Acetaldehyde, N-formyl-N-methylhydrazone; Acetaldehyde-N-formyl-N-methylhydrazone; Acetaldehyde-N-methyl-N-formylhydrazone; Acetylaldehyde-N-methyl-N-formylhydrazone; Cetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone; Ethylidene gyromitrin; Formic acid, 2-ethylidene-1-methylhydrazide; Formic acid, ethylidenemethylhydrazide; Hydrazine carboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-; Hydrazine carboxyaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-; Hydrazinecarboxaldehyde, ethylidenemethyl-; N-Methyl-N-formyl hydrazone of acetaldehyde; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Mushroom Toxins

Description

Colorless liquid; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Not commercially used or produced; [HSDB]

Comments

This toxin from the mushrooms Gyromitra (Helvella) esculenta, Gyromitra fastigiata, and Gyromitra gigas can cause severe intoxication and death; Initial symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea; One of the metabolites of gyromitrin is methylhydrazine, which causes hepatitis, seizures, and hemolysis; [HSDB]

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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