Agent Name

Hyoscyamus oil

CAS Number

8001-41-0

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Hyoscyamus oil-expressed; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Toxins

Sources/Uses

A naturally occurring antimuscarinic drug; A fixed oil from the seeds of Hyoscyamus niger; Contains the alkaloid scopolamine (hyoscine); [HSDB] Henbane is the common name for Hyoscyamus niger. [Ford, p. 31]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Plants- anticholinergic"; [HSDB] Atropine and plants containing belladonna alkaloids (jimson weed, deadly nightshade, and henbane) cause the anticholinergic syndrome: fever, blurred vision, dry mucous membranes, flushed skin, delirium, and urinary retention (hot as a hare, blind as a bat, dry as a bone, red as a beet, mad as a hatter, bloated as a bladder); [Ford, p. 31]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

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Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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