Agent Name

Isobutyl isobutyrate

Alternative Name

2-Methylpropyl isobutyrate

CAS Number

97-85-8

Formula

C8-H16-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

2-Methylpropyl isobutyrate; 2-Methyl-1-propyl 2-methylpropanoate; 2-Methylpropyl 2-methylpropanoate; 2-Methylpropyl 2-methylpropionate; Isobutyl 2-methylpropanoate; Isobutyl isobutanoate; Isobutyl isobutyrate (natural); Isobutylester kyseliny isomaselne [Czech]; Isobutyric acid, isobutyl ester; Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 2-methylpropyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN2528

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a fruity odor; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

A volatile component of strawberries, cantaloupes, muskmelons, and various essential oils; Used as flavoring agent, insect repellent, lacquer thinner, and perfume additive; [HSDB] Used to make insecticides; [CAMEO] Used as a solvent for nitrocellulose lacquers and thinners, plastic substrates, and high-solids coatings; [eChemPortal: SIDSUNEP]

Comments

An eye, nose, and throat irritant; [CAMEO] A mild skin irritant; [eChemPortal: SIDSUNEP] Causes ataxia in lethal dose animal experiments; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent; [JECFA] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "ORGANIC SOLVENTS."

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Isobutyl isobutyrate - 2005

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.33 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 5,000 ppm/6h

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: