Agent Name

Isopropyl formate

CAS Number

625-55-8

Formula

C4-H8-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Methylethyl formate; Formic acid, 1-methylethyl ester; Formic acid, isopropyl ester; Isopropyl methanoate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a pleasant odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Found in volatile constituents of freshly unearthed Perigord truffles, dwarf quince fruit, mushrooms, and apples; Used as a toxic fumigant and raw material; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [HSDB] Oral LD50 (guinea pig) = 1440 mg/kg; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent; [JECFA] An irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [MSDSonline] See "ORGANIC SOLVENTS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

138 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Propyl formates."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: