Agent Name

Isopropyl formate

CAS Number

625-55-8

Formula

C4-H8-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Methylethyl formate; Formic acid, 1-methylethyl ester; Formic acid, isopropyl ester; Isopropyl methanoate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a pleasant odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Found in volatile constituents of freshly unearthed Perigord truffles, dwarf quince fruit, mushrooms, and apples; Used as a toxic fumigant and raw material; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [HSDB] Oral LD50 (guinea pig) = 1440 mg/kg; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent; [JECFA] An irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [MSDSonline] See "ORGANIC SOLVENTS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

138 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Propyl formates."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: