Agent Name

Jacobine

CAS Number

6870-67-3

Formula

C18-H25-N-O6

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(15alpha,20R)15,20-Epoxy-15,20-dihydro-12-hydroxysenecionan-11,16-dione; 12beta-Hydroxy-12alpha,13beta-dimethylsenec-1-enine-15S-spiro-2'-(3'R-methyloxiran); 15,20-Epoxy-15,20-dihydro-12-hydroxysenecionan-11,16-dione; Senecionan-11,16-dione, 15,20-epoxy-15,20-dihydro-12-hydroxy-, (15alpha,20R)-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Colorless solid; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as a medicinal herb in Europe; [HSDB]

Comments

An hepatotoxic alkaloid present in tansy ragwort (S. jacobaea) and in the honey produced from the nectar of this plant; [HSDB] Hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids are produced by tansy ragwort (Senecio spp); [Olson, p. 347] Over 6000 plants produce pyyrolizidine alkaloids, some of which are toxic. This is probably the most common plant toxin, and it affects livestock, wildlife, and humans. [Haddad, p. 494] Mechanism of toxicity is the metabolic conversion into pyrroles that act as alkylating agents. Hepatic disease leads to cirrhosis and possibly increased risk for hepatic carcinoma. Most poisoning cases have resulted from contamination of food grain with the seeds containing the alkaloid or from medicinal herbs. An estimated 20% of patients die, 50% recover completely, and 30% develop chronic hepatic veno-occlusive disease. [Goldfrank, p. 647, 1546]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

9.3E-13 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

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Chemical Information

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Activities

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