Agent Name

(L)-alpha-Terpineol

CAS Number

10482-56-1

Formula

C10-H18-O

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

alpha-Terpineol, l; (-)-alpha-Terpineol; l-alpha-Terpineol; 3-Cyclohexene-1-methanol, alpha,alpha,4-trimethyl-, (S)-; L-alpha-Terpineol; p-Menth-1-en-8-ol, (S)-(-)-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Oils and Extracts

Description

Liquid; mp = 36.4 deg C; [HSDB] Colorless liquid; mp = 40-41 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make perfumes and soaps and as a solvent (for hydrocarbons, resins, cellulose esters, and ethers) and antiseptic; Also used in disinfectants, antioxidants, medicines, and flavorings; [HSDB] "Terpineol is a naturally occurring monoterpene alcohol that has been isolated from a variety of sources such as cajuput oil, pine oil, and petitgrain oil. There are four isomers, alpha-, beta-, gamma-terpineol, and terpinen-4-ol. Beta- and gamma-terpineol differ only by the location of the double bond. Terpineol is usually a mixture of these isomers with alpha-terpineol as the major constituent." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Included in list of "established contact allergens in humans"; [ToxPlanet: EC: Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety: Fragrance allergens in cosmetic products (2011)] An eye and mucous membrane irritant; Can cause hemorrhagic gastritis and CNS depression after ingestion; Emergency treatment: "Pine oil"; [HSDB] An irritant; [Aldrich MSDS]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: