Agent Name

Nonane

CAS Number

111-84-2

Formula

C9-H20

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Nonane; Nonyl hydride; Shellsol 140; n-Nonane; [ChemIDplus] UN1920

Category

Aliphatics, Saturated (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as solvents, in jet fuel research, the manufacture of paraffin products, a component of gasoline, in organic synthesis, as a distillation chaser, and in biodegradable detergents; [HSDB] Major ingredients in VM & P naphtha and Stoddard solvents; [ACGIH]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [ICSC] TLV Basis = CNS impairment; In animals, inhalation causes reversible CNS effects at >2500 ppm; In a 13-week inhalation study of rats, NOAEL = 590 ppm, and LOAEL = 1600 ppm; [ACGIH]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

200 ppm

Vapor Pressure

4.45 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

1 ppm

Odor Threshold High

21 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 3,200 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold from AIHA; Flash point = 31 deg C;

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: