Agent Name

Lithium chromate

CAS Number

14307-35-8

Formula

Cr-O4.2Li

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Chromic acid, dilithium salt; Chromic acid (H2CrO4), dilithium salt; Chromium lithium oxide; Chromium lithium oxide (CrLi2O4); Dilithium chromate; Dilithium chromate (Li2CrO4); Lithium chromate (Li2CrO4); Lithium chromate(VI); Lithium chromium oxide (Li2CrO4); [ChemIDplus] UN1479

Category

Chromium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Dihydrate: Yellow deliquescent solid; Very soluble in water; [Merck Index] Yellow crystals; Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a corrosion inhibitor (water cooled atomic reactors, air conditioners, and antifreezes), low-temperature heat transfer medium, and oxidizing agent; [HSDB]

Comments

A strong oxidizing agent; Corrosive effects to skin and mucous membranes; Causes lacrimation; Ingestion can cause damage to liver and kidneys; [CAMEO] An irritant; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization; May cause skin and nasal septum ulcers (chrome sores); A carcinogen and potential reproductive toxin; [MSDSonline] See "Chromium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cr

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cr

MAK

0.2 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Li

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Oxidizing solid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Lacrimator

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: