Agent Name

Pentaerythritol

CAS Number

115-77-5

Formula

C5-H12-O4

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,3-Propanediol, 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)-; 2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol; Auxinutril; Hercules P6; Maxinutril; Metab-Auxil; Methane tetramethylol; Monopentaerythritol; Monopentek; PE 200; Penetek; Pentaerythrite; Pentaerythritol; Pentek; Tetrahydroxymethylmethane; Tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)methane; Tetramethylolmethane; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Alcohols and Polyols, Other

Description

Colorless to white, crystalline, odorless powder. [Note: Technical grade is 88% monopentaerythritol & 12% dipentaerythritol.]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used to manufacture the explosive, pentaerythritol-tetranitrate (PETN); [ACGIH]

Comments

"TLV Basis" is gastrointestinal irritation; Rats survived doses up to 16 g/kg; Signs of toxicity in lethal oral doses studies are diarrhea, tremors, and ataxia; No adverse effects in rats, dogs, and guinea pigs exposed to dust for 6 hours/day for 90 days at 8000 mg/m3; In human volunteers, 85% of dose eliminated in the urine unchanged within 30 hours; [ACGIH]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

10 mg/m3

PEL (OSHA)

15 mg/m3(total dust), 5 mg/m3(respirable fraction)

Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) > 11,000 mg/m3/6h; [inhalation]

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.