Agent Name

Lithium peroxide

CAS Number

12031-80-0

Formula

Li2-O2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Lithium oxide (Li2O2); Lithium peroxide (Li2(O2)); Dilithium peroxide; [ChemIDplus] UN1472

Category

Peroxides, Metal

Description

White solid; [Hawley] Light beige odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a catalyst (polymerization of styrene to polystyrene), a curing agent for special polymers, and a source of oxygen in sealed spaces (submarines, breathing apparatus, space travel) because it absorbs carbon dioxide and liberates oxygen; [HSDB]

Comments

A strong oxidizer; May ignite or explode in contact with organic materials; [Hawley] Reacts with moisture evolving heat; A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; [HSDB] A strong oxidizer that is explosive; Reacts with water producing heat and lithium hydroxide (corrosive); A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; [CAMEO] May cause fire on contact with combustible material; Reacts exothermically with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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