Agent Name

Magnesium nitrate

CAS Number

10377-60-3

Formula

H-N-O3.1/2Mg

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Magnesium dinitrate; Magnesium(II) nitrate (1:2); Magniosan; Nitric acid, magnesium salt; [ChemIDplus] UN1474

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless or white hygroscopic solid; [ICSC] White odorless crystals; Deliquescent; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Naturally occurring as the hydrated mineral nitromagnesite; [Merck Index] Used in pyrotechnics, petrochemical catalysts, desensitizers for lithographic plates, and the production of ammonium nitrate and nitric acid; [HSDB]

Comments

A strong oxidizer; A fire and explosion hazard on exposure to organic materials; [Hawley] A strong oxidant; A fire and explosion hazard on contact with combustible and reducing materials; May irritate eyes and respiratory tract; Ingestion can induce methemoglobinemia; [ICSC] A severe skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; Can cause methemoglobinemia; [HSDB] An eye and mild skin irritant; [eChemPortal: ERMA] May cause fire on contact with combustible material; An irritant; May cause methemoglobinemia; [MSDSonline] See "Magnesium." See "NITRATES and NITRITES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.49 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: