Agent Name

Melamine

CAS Number

108-78-1

Formula

C3-H6-N6

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-triimine; 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-triamine; 2,4,6-Triamino-1,3,5-triazine; 2,4,6-Triamino-s-triazine; 2,4,6-Triaminotriazine; ADK Stab ZS 27; Aero; Cyanuramide; Cyanuric triamide; Cyanurotriamide; Cyanurotriamine; DG 002; DG 002 (amine); Hicophor PR; Isomelamine; Mark ZS 27; Pluragard; Pluragard C 133; Spinflam ML 94M; Teoharn; Theoharn; Triaminotriazine; Virset 656-4; Yukamelamine; ZS 27; s-Triazine, 2,4,6-triamino-; s-Triazinetriamine; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Triazines

Description

Colorless to white solid; [ICSC] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a co-monomer with formaldehyde to make high pressure laminate resins, molding compounds and surface coating resins, textile and paper treating resins, adhesive resins for gluing lumber, plywood, and flooring; Also used as a flame retardant additive for polypropylene and polyethylene, a leather tanning agent, a rust remover, a metal surface cleaner, an etching agent in the semiconductor industry, and a reagent in numerous fluorination processes; [HSDB]

Comments

Toxic by ingestion; May cause kidney stones; A skin, eye, mucous membrane, and respiratory tract irritant; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include abnormal liver function tests; [MSDSonline] No occupational morbidity or mortality reported; [AIHA] Melamine-contaminated pet food caused kidney stones and acute kidney failure in cats and dogs. [Reference #1]

Reference Link

WHO | Melamine-contamination event

Exposure Assessment
WEEL

10 mg/m3

Vapor Pressure

3.59E-10 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 3,248 mg/m3

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: