Agent Name

Methyl lactate

CAS Number

547-64-8

Formula

C4-H8-O3

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

2-Hydroxypropanoic acid methyl ester; Methyl 2-hydroxypropanoate; Methyl 2-hydroxypropionate; Methyl alpha-hydroxypropionate; Lactic acid, methyl ester; Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, methyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN3272

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as solvent for cellulose acetate, nitrocellulose, cellulose acetobutyrate, cellulose acetopropionate, lacquers, and stains; Also used to make acetyl, amide, and higher ester derivatives and carbetamide (herbicide); [HSDB]

Comments

Decomposed by water; [Hawley] Mildly irritating; [HSDB] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [eChemPortal: ESIS]; See "ORGANIC SOLVENTS."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.85 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 5,000 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Esters, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: