Agent Name

Resorcinol

CAS Number

108-46-3

Formula

C6-H6-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,3-Benzenediol; 1,3-Dihydroxybenzene; 3-Hydroxycyclohexadien-1-one; 3-Hydroxyphenol; Benzene, 1,3-dihydroxy-; Benzene, m-dihydroxy-; C.I. 76505; C.I. Developer 4; C.I. Oxidation Base 31; Developer O; Developer R; Developer RS; Dihydroxybenzol; Durafur developer G; Fouramine RS; Fourrine 79; Fourrine EW; Nako TGG; Pelagol Grey RS; Pelagol RS; Phenol, m-hydroxy-; Resorcin; Resorcine; Resorcinol; Resorcinolum; Resorzin; m-Benzenediol; m-Dihydroxybenzene; m-Dioxybenzene; m-Hydroquinone; m-Hydroxyphenol; [ChemIDplus] UN2876

Category

Phenols

Description

White needles, plates, crystals, flakes, or powder with a faint odor. [Note: Turns pink on exposure to air or light, or contact with iron.]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used in tanning, photography, tire building, and in the manufacturing of resorcinol-formaldehyde resins; also used in dyes, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, skin creams, laminates, and adhesives; [ACGIH]

Comments

Resorcinol may cause methemoglobinemia after ingestion of large amounts. Rats develop increased liver weights in subchronic feeding studies. [ACGIH] Allergic contact dermatitis reported in hairdressers; [Kanerva, p. 1833] Very irritating to the eyes and skin--may cause redness and pain; Can induce methemoglobinemia; [ICSC]

Reference Link

Allergic reactions to a hairdressers' series: results from 9 European centres. The European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group (EECDRG)

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

10 ppm

STEL (ACGIH)

20 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.0002 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 160 mg/m3/1h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 261 deg F;

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: