Agent Name

Mononitrotoluenes

CAS Number

1321-12-6

Formula

C7-H7-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Benzene, methylnitro-; Methylnitrobenzene; Mononitrotoluene; Nitrophenylmethane; Nitrotoluene; Nitrotoluol; Nitrotoluene (all isomers); [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitros, Aromatic

Description

Yellow solid or liquid; mp = 0-15 deg C; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dyes, toluidines, nitrobenzoic acids, sun screening agents, gasoline inhibitors, and flotation agents; Also used in some detergents and in the tire industry; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and throat irritant; May induce methemoglobinemia; May cause liver and kidney damage; Emergency treatment: "Nitrobenzene"; Nitrobenzene causes skin irritation; It is toxic by all routes causing methemoglobinemia and liver injury; Estimated lethal dose in adults is 1-5 grams; [HSDB] Explosive; A strong oxidizer; May be fatal by inhalation, skin absorption, and ingestion; [CAMEO] See "p-Nitrotoluene."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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