Agent Name

Potassium phosphate, monobasic

CAS Number

7778-77-0

Formula

H2-O4-P.K

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

KDP; MKP; Monobasic potassium phosphate; Monopotassium dihydrogen phosphate; Monopotassium monophosphate; Monopotassium orthophosphate; Monopotassium phosphate; Orthophosphoric acid, monopotassium salt; Phosphoric acid, monopotassium salt; Potassium acid phosphate; Potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate; Potassium dihydrogen phosphate; Potassium hydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4); Potassium orthophosphate, dihydrogen; Potassium phosphate (K(H2PO4)); Sorensen's potassium phosphate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Phosphates, Metallic Salts

Description

Colorless or white solid; [Merck Index] Deliquescent; [CHEMINFO] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in buffers (determination of pH, pharmaceutical production, urinary acidifier, paper processing, baking powder, and food), nutrient solutions, yeast foods, special liquid fertilizers, sonar systems and other electronic applications; [HSDB] Used as a nutritional supplement in foods, a nonlinear optical material for laser use, and in wastewater treatment; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] Emergency treatment: "Inorganic phosphates"; Inorganic phosphates can cause diarrhea, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia after ingestion; An adult died after receiving four sodium phosphate enemas within 24 hours; he had electrolyte abnormalities and died from cardiac arrest; [HSDB]

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