Agent Name

N-Chlorosuccinimide

CAS Number

128-09-6

Formula

C4-H4-Cl-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Chloro-2,5-pyrrolidinedione; 2,5-Pyrrolidinedione, 1-chloro-; Chlorosuccinimide; NCS; Succinchlorimide; Succinic N-chloroimide; Succinic acid, imide, N-chloro-; Succinimide, N-chloro-; Succinochlorimide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Succinimides

Description

White solid; [Hawley] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chlorinating agent, swimming pool disinfectant, and bactericide; Also used as a titrant in the microdetermination of hydrazine salts and to detect arsenic in the +3 oxidative state; [HSDB]

Comments

Highly irritating to skin; Slowly releases chlorine--may cause gastric irritation; Emergency treatment: See "Sodium hypochlorite." [HSDB] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00768 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: