Agent Name

Neopentyl alcohol

CAS Number

75-84-3

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Propanol, 2,2-dimethyl-; 2,2-Dimethyl-1-propanol; 2,2-Dimethylpropyl alcohol; Neoamyl alcohol; Neopentanol; tert-Butylcarbinol; 2,2-Dimethylpropanol; [ChemIDplus] UN1325

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Volatile solid with an odor of peppermint; [Merck Index] Colorless to white solid; [CHEMINFO] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

"No specific uses were located for 2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol. In general, pentanols are used in the manufacture of lacquers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and plastics; and used as flavouring agents and in fragrances." [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Higher alcohols are not highly toxic in the industrial setting; Can cause liver injury, somnolence, and respiratory depression in experimental animals; Related compounds can cause irritation of eye, nose, and throat and CNS depression in high concentrations; [HSDB] Related compounds cause nose, throat, and respiratory tract irritation; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; Aqueous solutions cause severe eye irritation, based on animal studies; [CHEMINFO] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

20 ppm

Vapor Pressure

16 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Flammable solid, organic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: