Agent Name

Neopentyl alcohol

CAS Number

75-84-3

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Propanol, 2,2-dimethyl-; 2,2-Dimethyl-1-propanol; 2,2-Dimethylpropyl alcohol; Neoamyl alcohol; Neopentanol; tert-Butylcarbinol; 2,2-Dimethylpropanol; [ChemIDplus] UN1325

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Volatile solid with an odor of peppermint; [Merck Index] Colorless to white solid; [CHEMINFO] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

"No specific uses were located for 2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol. In general, pentanols are used in the manufacture of lacquers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and plastics; and used as flavouring agents and in fragrances." [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Higher alcohols are not highly toxic in the industrial setting; Can cause liver injury, somnolence, and respiratory depression in experimental animals; Related compounds can cause irritation of eye, nose, and throat and CNS depression in high concentrations; [HSDB] Related compounds cause nose, throat, and respiratory tract irritation; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; Aqueous solutions cause severe eye irritation, based on animal studies; [CHEMINFO] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

20 ppm

Vapor Pressure

16 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Flammable solid, organic, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: