Agent Name

Tetryl

Alternative Name

N-Methyl-N,2,4,6-tetranitroaniline

CAS Number

479-45-8

Formula

C7-H5-N5-O8

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Nitramine; 2,4,6-Tetryl; 2,4,6-Trinitrophenyl-N-methylnitramine; N-Methyl-N,2,4,6-tetranitroaniline; [NIOSH]

Category

Explosives

Description

Colorless to yellow, odorless, crystalline solid; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Not produced commercially in the USA; used as an explosive detonator; [HSDB]

Comments

Tetryl stains the skin yellow and causes skin sensitization. Severe, prolonged exposures may cause liver injury. [HSDB] "Repeated or prolonged inhalation exposure may cause asthma." [ICSC]

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs - Tetryl

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

1.5 mg/m3

PEL (OSHA)

1.5 mg/m3

IDLH (NIOSH)

750 mg/m3

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

Human data: Tetryl is highly irritating to the skin and mucous membranes and may cause severe upper respiratory tract irritation with coughing and epistaxis; heavy airborne exposures may also cause liver damage [Hardy and Maloof 1950]. No systemic poisoning was noted following chronic exposure to 1.5 mg/m3, other than some skin sensitization [Bergman 1952].

Vapor Pressure

5.66E-8 mm Hg

Reference Link

ICSC: Tetryl

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: