Agent Name

Phenylmercuric nitrate

CAS Number

55-68-5

Formula

C6-H5-Hg-N-O3

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Fenylmerkurinitrat [Czech]; Mercuriphenyl nitrate; Mercury, (nitrato-O)phenyl-; Mercury, nitratophenyl-; Merpectogel; Merphenyl nitrate; Mersolite 7; Nitratophenylmercury; Nitric acid, phenylmercury salt; Phe-Mer-Nite; Phenalco; Phenitol; Phenmerzyl Nitrate; Phenylmercuric nitrate, basic; Phenylmercurinitrate; Phenylmercury nitrate; Phenylmercury(II) nitrate; Phermernite; [ChemIDplus] UN1895

Category

Metals, Organic Compounds

Description

White or grey solid; [ICSC] Crystals

Sources/Uses

Used as a disinfectant, preservative in pharmaceuticals, bactericide in eye cosmetics, and veterinary fungicide and bactericide; Formerly used to dress tree wounds and as a biocide for paints; Not currently registered with the EPA for use in the US; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant (aerosol); May cause skin sensitization; Can be absorbed through skin; A potential toxin to kidneys and reproductive system; [ICSC] Concentrated solutions can cause skin blistering; [HSDB] Causes burns; [eChemPortal: ESIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Can be absorbed through skin; May cause skin sensitization; May cause damage to kidneys, liver, and CNS; [MSDSonline] See "Mercury, aryl compounds" and linked occupational diseases.

Restricted

EU: Banned for use as pesticide for plant protection; Use as other pesticide including biocide severely restricted; [eChemPortal: ESIS]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3, as Hg

Vapor Pressure

6.21E-5 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: