Agent Name

Acrylic acid

CAS Number

79-10-7

Formula

C3-H4-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2-Propenoic acid; Acide acrylique [French]; Acido acrilio [Spanish]; Acroleic acid; Acrylic acid; Acrylic acid, glacial; Ethylenecarboxylic acid; Glacial acrylic acid; Kyselina akrylova [Czech]; Propene acid; Propenoic acid; Vinylformic acid; [ChemIDplus] UN2218

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Colorless liquid or solid (below 55 degrees F) with a distinctive, acrid odor; Note: Shipped with an inhibitor (e.g., hydroquinone) since it readily polymerizes; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Acrylic acid is used to manufacture acrylic resins and acrylates for leather coatings, paints, and adhesives. [ACGIH]

Comments

Liquid causes second degree burns after contact for a few minutes. [CHRIS] Can cause pulmonary edema after heavy inhalation exposure; [ICSC] [Daecke C, et al. Contact urticaria from acrylic acid in Fixomull tape. Contact Dermatitis. 1993 Oct;29(4):216-7. No abstract available.] Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

2 ppm

MAK

10 ppm

Vapor Pressure

3.97 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.09 ppm

Odor Threshold High

1 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 1200 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Detection odor threshold from AIHA (mean = 0.092 ppm); Flash point = 50 deg C; ERG Guide is for Acrylic acid, stabilized;

Reference Link

ICSC: Acrylic acid

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: