Agent Name

Platinous chloride

CAS Number

10025-65-7

Formula

Cl2-Pt

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Muriate of platinum; Platinum chloride; Platinum chloride (PtCl2); Platinum dichloride; Platinum(II) chloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Greyish-green to brown solid; [Merck Index] Deep brown solid; Slightly soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make platinum salts; as catalyst for oxidative chlorination of alkanes; to make chiral catalysts; [HSDB]

Comments

Irritating to skin; "Occupational inhalation allergy (bronchial asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis), often in association with urticaria and Quincke edema is common in platinum associated industry. It is due to sensitization against platinum chloride. As an avg of 60% of people working in the platinum industry fall ill with bronchial asthma more stringent protective occupational measures are suggested." [HSDB] A skin and eye irritant; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization after prolonged contact; [eChemPortal: ERMA] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization after prolonged contact; [MSDSonline] See "Platinum, soluble salts."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.002 mg/m3, as Pt

PEL (OSHA)

0.002 mg/m3, as Pt

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: