Agent Name

Platinum tetrachloride

CAS Number

13454-96-1

Formula

Cl4-Pt

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Platinum chloride (PtCl4); Platinum chloride (PtCl4), (SP-4-1)-; Platinum(IV) chloride; Platinum(IV) tetrachloride; Tetrachloroplatinum; [ChemIDplus] UN1759

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Reddish-brown solid; [ICSC] Crystalline solid; Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as catalyst for: alkoxycarbonylation of dienes; carboxylation of allyl chloride; homologation of methanol; oxidative chlorination of alkanes; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] Severely irritating to skin; [HSDB] A skin and eye irritant; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization after prolonged contact; [eChemPortal: ERMA] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization after prolonged contact; [MSDSonline] See "Platinum, soluble salts."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.002 mg/m3, as Pt

PEL (OSHA)

0.002 mg/m3, as Pt

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive solid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: