Disease/Syndrome

Streptococcal suis infection

Category

Infection, Occupational

Acute/Chronic

Acute-Severe

Comments

INITIAL SYMPTOMS: Headache, fever, vomiting, and meningeal signs; As of 2008, more than 700 cases had been reported with most of the cases in Southeast Asia. Sepsis and meningitis with hearing loss are the most common findings. Skin effects in 6% to 31% of patients include petechiae, purpura, ecchymoses, and hemorrhagic bullae with skin necrosis. Less common are subacute endocarditis, pyogenic arthritis, endophthalmitis, uveitis, brain stem ophthalmoplegia, and epidural abscess. Other complications are septic shock, acute renal failure, ARDS, and consumptive coagulopathy. S. suis infects pigs worldwide; it can also be isolated from ruminants, cats, dogs, deer, and horses. [PMID 19191650] Causes meningitis, hearing loss, skin lesions and septicemia in pig farmers and others exposed to pork products, mainly in Southeast Asia. [ABX Guide: Streptococcus species]

Latency/Incubation

3 hours to 14 days with a median of 2.2 days; [PMID 19191650]

Diagnostic

Culture blood or CSF (commonly misidentified as other species of Streptococcus); In a Vietnam series of 151 patients, 117 had positive cultures and 149 were detected by real-time PCR; [PMID 19191650]

ICD-9 Code

027.8

Effective Antimicrobics

Yes

Related Information in Haz-Map
Symptoms/Findings

Symptoms/Findings associated with this disease:

Job Tasks

High risk job tasks associated with this disease:

Agents

Hazardous agents that cause the occupational disease: