Agent Name

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

Alternative Name

Povidone

CAS Number

9003-39-8

Formula

(C6-H9-N-O)x-

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

Povidone; 1-Ethenyl-2-pyrrolidinone homopolymer; 1-Ethenyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymers; 1-Ethenyl-2-pyrrolidinone, homopolymer; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone homopolymer; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymer; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidone polymer; 143 RP; 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-ethenyl, homopolymer; AT 717; Agent AT 717; Agrimer; Albigen A; Aldacol Q; Antaron P 804; Bolinan; Crospovidone; Crospovidonum [INN-Latin]; Ganex P 804; Ganex p-804; Hemodesis; Hemodez; K 115 (VAN); K 115 (polyamide); K 15; K 25 (VAN); K 25 (polymer); K 30 (VAN); K 30 (polymer); K 60 (VAN); K 60 (polymer); K 90; K115; K115 (polyamide); K15; K25; K25 (polymer); K30; K30 (polymer); K60; K60 (polymer); K90; Kollidin CLM; Kollidon; Kollidon 17; Kollidon 25; Kollidon 30; Kollidon CL; Luviskol; Luviskol K30; Luviskol K90; MPK 90; N-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidone polymer; N-Vinylbutyrolactam polymer; N-Vinylpyrrolidinone polymer; N-Vinylpyrrolidone polymer; Neocompensan; PVP; PVP 1; PVP 2; PVP 3; PVP 4; PVP 40; PVP 5; PVP 6; PVP 7; PVP K 3; PVP-K 15; PVP-K 30; PVP-K 60; PVP-K 90; PVPP; Peragal ST; Peregal ST; Periston; Periston-N; Peviston; Plasdone; Plasdone 4; Plasdone K 29-32; Plasdone K-26/28; Plasdone No. 4; Plasdone XL; Plasmosan; Polividona [INN-Spanish]; Polividone [DCIT]; omega-((4-(iodo-(sup 131)I)phenyl)methyl)-; Poly(1-ethenyl-2-pyrrolidinone); Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone); Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) homopolymer; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.1; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.2; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.3; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.4; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.5; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.6; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hueper's polymer no.7; Poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone); Poly(1-vinylpyrrolidinone); Poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone); Poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone); Poly(N-vinylbutyrolactam); Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidinone); Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone); Poly(n-vinylbutyrolactam); Poly(vinylpyrrolidinone); Poly-N-vinyl pyrrolidone; Polyclar A. T.; Polyclar AT; Polyclar H; Polyclar L; Polyclar-AT; Polygyl; Polyplasdone; Polyplasdone XL; Polyvidone; Polyvidonum [INN-Latin]; Povidone (usp xix); Protagent; Sauflon; Subtosan; Tolpovidone I-131; Toxobin; Vinisil; Vinylpyrrolidinone polymer; Vinylpyrrolidone polymer; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Polymers

Description

White solid or aqueous solution; hygroscopic; [Hawley] Odorless; [HSDB] Beige powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make drugs, hair sprays, shampoos, plasma substitutes, detergents, and adhesives; Also used in dyes (hair and textile), clarifying agents (wine, beer, and juices), thickeners (inks and paints), water binding agents (protein solutions), and protective colloids (polymers); [HSDB] "A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight." [ChemIDplus]

Comments

Practically nontoxic; Probable oral lethal dose is >15 g/kg; [HSDB] Epidemiological studies have failed to find an association between inhalation of polyvinylpyrrolidone in hair spray and lung disease in hairdressers; [Rom, p. 531]

Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Processes

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