Agent Name

Potassium bromide

CAS Number

7758-02-3

Formula

Br-K

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Bromide salt of potassium; Bromure de potassium; Kalii bromidum; Potassium bromide (KBr); [ChemIDplus]

Category

Halogens, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless or white solid; Slightly hygroscopic; [HSDB] White odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to make photographic papers and plates; for process engraving and lithography; in special soaps; for spectroscopy; for infrared transmission; as laboratory reagent; as heat stabilizer for nylon; as raw material for silver bromide photographic emulsions; as medical and veterinary sedative and anticonvulsant; [HSDB] Used in 2 pesticide products: a sanitizer for food processing and eating establishments and a tablet to control bacteria and algae in spa water; [Reference #1] Used in photography (baths for developing and intensifying); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

May cause CNS depression in large doses; [Merck Index] Findings in poisoning cases after ingestion of 12-50 grams include vomiting, diarrhea, kidney failure, liver injury, and hemolysis; [HSDB] Bromide salts were used in the past as sedatives; Not a skin irritant; Ingestion of large amounts will cause nausea and vomiting; No concern for chronic effects when used in sanitizers for food processing equipment; [Reference #1] See "Bromine."

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: