Agent Name

WASTE ANESTHETIC GASES

Alternative Name

CLASS

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

CLASSES; Anesthetics

Category

Waste Anesthetic Gases

Comments

Waste anesthetic gases include enflurane, fluroxene, halothane, methoxyflurane, and nitrous oxide. There is limited positive data and limited negative data that anesthetic gases cause reduced fertility and spontaneous abortions in humans and birth defects in animals. [ATSDR Case Studies # 29] Occupational asthma confirmed in one worker exposed to enflurane and three workers exposed to Sevoflurane/isoflurane; [Malo] See "Exposure to anesthetic gases and congenital anomalies in offspring of female registered nurses." [PMID 20607734] Enflurane, halothane, and nitrous oxide are in the list of "Some volatile substances which may be abused by inhalation" published on the web site of the U.N. International Drug Control Programme, indicating a potential to cause narcosis in workers.

Reference Link

OSHA Technical Links: Waste Anesthetic Gases

Exposure Assessment
Reference Link

Occupational asthma and allergy to sevoflurane and isoflurane in anaesthetic staff

Adverse Effects
Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: