Agent Name

Propylene carbonate

CAS Number

108-32-7

Formula

C4-H6-O3

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,2-Propanediol carbonate; 1,2-Propanediol cyclic carbonate; 1,2-Propanediyl carbonate; 1,2-Propylene carbonate; 1,3-Dioxolan-2-one, 4-methyl-; 1-Methylethylene carbonate; 4-Methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one; 4-Methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxolane; 4-Methyldioxolone-2; Arconate 5000; Carbonic acid cyclic methylethylene ester; Carbonic acid, cyclic propylene ether; Carbonic acid, propylene ester; Cyclic 1,2-propylene carbonate; Cyclic methylethylene carbonate; Cyclic propylene carbonate; Propylene glycol cyclic carbonate; Propylenester kyseliny uhlicite [Czech]; Texacar PC; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Organic Compounds

Description

Colorless odorless liquid; [Hawley] Somewhat hygroscopic; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used for carbon dioxide recovery and solvent extraction; Also used in lithium batteries, as a plasticizer, in natural gas purification, and as a synthetic fiber spinning solvent; [HSDB] Used as a solvent in surface coatings, paint removers, cosmetics, personal care products, cleaners, degreasers, dyes, fibers, plastics, wood-binder resins, and photochromic solutions; Also used as a solvent to bake enamels, a reactive diluent for urethanes and epoxy resins, a dispersant for lubricants and greases, a binder for foundry sand and moulds, a cleaner in electronics, and as a water scavenger; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Causes somnolence in subcutaneous, lethal-dose studies of rats and mice; A moderate skin irritant; [RTECS] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.04 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 5,000 mg/m3

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

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