Agent Name

Quillaja saponin

Alternative Name

Quillaja saponaria

CAS Number

1393-03-9

Formula

C36-H54-O11

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Quillajasaponin; beta-D-Glucopyranosiduronic acid, (3beta,4alpha,16alpha)-17-carboxy-16-hydroxy-23-oxo-28-norolean-12-en-3-yl; [ChemIDplus] Soapbark dust; Quillaja saponaria; [ACGIH]

Category

Wood Dusts & Extracts

Description

Deliquescent solid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Saponin of quillay bark; [Merck Index] Extracted from Quillay bark and used in shampoo and mineral water because of its foaming properties; [REPROTOX]

Comments

Solution is a strong eye irritant; [HSDB] Occupational asthma reported in a factory producing saponin from quillaja bark; [Malo]

Reference Link

Quillaja bark (soapbark)--induced asthma.

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: