Agent Name

ORGANOPHOSPHATES

Alternative Name

CLASS

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

CLASSES

Category

Organophosphate Insecticides

Comments

Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides inhibit a critical enzyme for nerve conduction--acetylcholinesterase. [ATSDR Case Studies # 22] A small number of the organophosphates (OPs) can Induce Delayed Neuropathy (OPIDN). OPIDN usually occurs after ingestion and is usually nonoccupational. [Levy, p. 431]

Restricted

EPA is responsible for registering all pesticides in the USA, licensing pesticide applicators, and establishing reentry intervals. Field and pest control workers must wait a specified interval before entering a sprayed area. [ATSDR Case Studies # 22]

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cholinesterase activity in red cells = 70% of individual's baseline, sample time discretionary; [ACGIH]

Half Life

Few hours to a few days; [TDR, p. 962] Half-lives in the field range from days to months; [ATSDR Case Studies # 22]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Other Poison

Organophosphate

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: