Agent Name

Sodium acetate

CAS Number

127-09-3

Formula

C2-H3-O2.Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Acetic acid, sodium salt; Anhydrous sodium acetate; Natrium aceticum; Natriumacetat [German]; Octan sodny [Czech]; Sodii acetas; Sodium acetate anhydrous; Sodium ethanoate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids, Metal Salts

Description

White hygroscopic solid; [ICSC] Colorless odorless hygroscopic solid; [CHEMINFO] White odorless crystalline powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an auxiliary in acetylations and to make acetyl chloride, cinnamic acid, cellulose acetate, and pharmaceuticals; Also used in soaps, meat preservatives, electroplating, tanning, and as a dehydrating agent, buffer in photography, catalyst for dyes and polyester resins, mordant for dyes; Also used in medicine (systemic and urinary alkalizer and bicarbonate precursor in parenteral nutrition) and veterinary medicine (electrolyte source and treatment of bovine ketosis); [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: Irritants; [HSDB] A mild skin and eye irritant; [ICSC] May cause mild skin and eye irritation, based on animal studies; [CHEMINFO] Causes "toxic psychosis" in rabbits after intravenous dose >1300 mg/kg; [RTECS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

7.08E-7 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 30,000 mg/m3/1h

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: